There aren’t too many purely electric car manufacturers in the world, as this type of cars has been introduced to the public on mass scale only this century. There have long been hybrid cars, but the exclusively battery-powered cars are still very much an oddity. Regardless, the market has already been formed, and it’s now mostly dominated by the Chinese and Tesla.
Founded: July 1, 2003
Founder: Elon Musk, JB Straubel, Martin Eberhard, Marc Tarpenning, Ian Wright
Headquarters: Palo Alto, California, United States
Owner: Elon Musk (20.8%)
The first all-electric car created by Tesla was a 2012 Tesla S model, which was the first in the series of innovative models that gradually climbed their way to being a real possible substitute to the everyday diesel cars. For instance, in 2020 the company has sold around 450.000 electric cars.
Headquarters: Gothenburg, Sweden
Parent organization: Geely
Owner: Volvo Cars
Polestar is a Volvo subsidiary tasked with the creation of all-electric high-performance cars in 2017. By the 2020 they’ve accomplished this mission of their and created a Polestar 2 – a purely electric powerful car that can be bought even now. Polestar remains the one of the few major European brands of electric cars.
Founder: Nicolas Hayek
Headquarters: Böblingen, Germany
Parent organization: Daimler AG
Owners: Mercedes-Benz AG
Smart had the similar fate as Polestar. They were previously making micro-cars for Mercedes, but were reoriented to build electric cars of the same class in 2008. They continue building the diesel models, but the gradually walk away from them in favor of their recent Fortwo and Forfour all-electric autos.
Founder: Mate Rimac
Headquarters: Sveta Nedelja, Zagreb County, Croatia
Rimac is one of the few manufacturers in the world that dared to combine sports cars with fully electric batteries, which they worked to a very good effect, resulting in several cars that were both very powerful and very friendly to environment. Geographically, they are Croatian, which is pretty surprising – this country never had a proper car industry.
Founded: November 2014
Founder: William Li
Headquarters: Shanghai, China
There are many Chinese electric car producers of different calibers, but NIO is oldest and probably the most serious of them. They’ve been around since 2014, and by 2016 they launched their first electric car – a sports model called EP9. Right now, there are four models in production and several more in development.
Founder: He Xiaopeng, Xia Heng, He Tao, Yang Chunlei
Headquarters: Guangzhou, China
XPeng was started around the same time as NIO, but they are much less successful at making cars. Nonetheless, they’ve already created two fully battery-charged cars: one SUV and one sedan. They can be bought right now, although Xpeng is more focused on the Chinese market than anything else.
Founder: Fu Qiang, Gu Feng
Headquarters: Shanghai, China
This brand is a lot fresher, only surfacing in year 2017. Naturally, they’ve only now managed to create one car, an Aiways U5 – a compact CUV with a very peculiar and futuristic design. However, if there was some home of acquiring Xpend outside of China, Aiways is almost exclusively for home market.
Founded: July 2019
Founder: Ding Lei
Headquarters: Shanghai, China
In 2019, HiPhi, a subsidiary under a Shanghai company Human Horizons, has been announced hand-in-hand with their crossover HiPhi X. This model is naturally an all-electric, but you can only physically buy it in its place of origin, Shanghai.
Founder: Hu Xiaoming
Headquarters: Jinhua, Zhejiang, China
Subsidiaries: Zhejiang Kandi Electric Vehicles (50%), SC Autosports LLC
Kandi is a lot more successful company than some of their colleagues above. They are also from Shanghai and have been around for longer – long enough to create three distinct all-electric cars and a minivan. These, however, are definitely only for Chinese market.
Founded: October 2005
Headquarters: Kita-ku, Osaka, Osaka, Japan
Aspark is a Japanese company specializing in manufacturing high-performance electric vehicles. Known for the Aspark Owl, the company shattered expectations with its impressive 0-60 mph time under 1.9 seconds, positioning it as one of the fastest EVs worldwide. Emphasizing power, luxury, and technological prowess, Aspark is a trailblazer in the EV market.
Founder: Craig Bramscher
Headquarters: Talent, Oregon, United States
Owner: Cummins Inc.
Once an eminent electric motorcycle manufacturer, Brammo was acquired by Polaris Industries in 2015. They significantly contributed to the electric vehicle industry, particularly focusing on energy storage and drivetrain systems.
Founder: Carsten Breitfeld, Daniel Kirchert
Headquarters: Nanjing, China
Parent organization: China Harmony New Energy Auto Holding Ltd
Established in 2016, Byton is a Chinese EV company known for its innovative smart SUV, M-Byte. Their approach combines advanced connectivity with a luxurious user-centric design, demonstrating a future-oriented perspective on mobility.
Founder: Stefan Krause, Ulrich Kranz
Headquarters: Torrance, California, U.S.
An American EV startup founded in 2017, Canoo aims to redefine urban mobility with its uniquely designed, subscription-based vehicles. Their multi-purpose delivery vehicle (MPDV) promises to reshape the last-mile delivery sector.
Headquarters: Detroit, Michigan, U. S.
Once an early 20th-century electric car producer, Detroit Electric was revived in 2008, renewing its dedication to manufacturing high-performance EVs. Their comeback vehicle, the SP:01, was touted as a fast electric sports car.
Founder: Dean Drako
Headquarters: San Jose, California, United States
Based in Silicon Valley, Drako Motors is a luxury electric vehicle manufacturer. Their first creation, the GTE, is a high-performance EV, boasting four motors, an incredible horsepower, and state-of-the-art driving dynamics.
Headquarters: Ogresgala pagasts, Ogre Municipality, Latvia
Drive eO is a Latvian engineering company specializing in high-performance electric vehicle design and production. They are known for their work in electric rally and sports car development, including the impressive Pikes Peak Hill Climb.
Founder: Jia Yueting
Headquarters: Los Angeles, California
Faraday Future is a California-based EV manufacturer known for its intelligent electric vehicles. Its flagship model, the FF 91, is recognized for its high performance and user-focused design that integrates technology, sustainability, and luxury.
Geometry is a sub-brand of Geely Auto focusing on EVs. Launched in 2019, it aims to be a global player in the affordable EV market. Its most known model, Geometry A, showcases impressive range and tech-savvy features.
Headquarters: Irvine, California
Owners: Wanxiang Group
Karma Automotive, a California-based manufacturer, is known for luxury electric vehicles like the Karma Revero. Its focus is on creating handcrafted, innovative cars that blend unique design with new technologies.
Founded: December 2015
Founder: Fu Liquan, Zhu Jiangming
Headquarters: Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Leapmotor, a Chinese EV startup, aims to make advanced, smart EVs accessible. Its compact Leapmotor S01 and crossover Leapmotor T03 reflect its commitment to technology, design, and affordability.
Lightning Car Company
Founded: 18 January 2007
Headquarters: Coventry, United Kingdom
Owners: Iain Sanderson
The Lightning Car Company is a UK-based manufacturer known for Lightning GT, a high-performance EV. Its focus is on using advanced technologies to achieve impressive speed and performance, making electric cars thrilling to drive.
Founder: Lex Hoefsloot, Qurein Biewenga, Arjo van der Ham, Koen van Ham
Headquarters: Helmond, Netherlands
Lightyear, a Dutch automaker, is creating innovative solar electric vehicles, the Lightyear One being the first. The company’s mission is to provide clean mobility everywhere with energy-efficient designs and integrated solar panels.
Founded: February 2010
Founder: Daniel K. Kim
Headquarters: San Francisco, California, U.S.
Lit Motors is a San Francisco-based company known for a unique two-wheeled self-balancing EV, the C-1. Combining the efficiency of a motorcycle with the safety of a car, Lit Motors aims to revolutionize urban transport.
Founder: Steve Burns
Headquarters: Lordstown, Ohio, U.S.
Lordstown Motors is an Ohio-based EV manufacturer focusing on electric pickup trucks, notably the Endurance. Its goal is to transform the commercial fleet industry by offering durable, cost-effective, and zero-emission work vehicles.
Founder: Bernard Tse, Sam Weng, Sheaupyng Lin
Headquarters: Newark, California, U.S.
Owner: Public Investment Fund
Lucid Motors is a luxury mobility company that excels in creating electric vehicles with exceptional performance, range, and efficiency. Its flagship vehicle, the Lucid Air, showcases the company’s advanced technology and design capabilities.
Headquarters: Trollhättan, Sweden
Parent organization: China Evergrande New Energy Vehicle Group
NEVS (National Electric Vehicle Sweden) took over Saab’s assets to create electric vehicles. Its focus is on sustainable transportation, and it’s known for EVs like the NEVS 9-3, an eco-friendly vehicle with a smart, connected design.
Founder: Trevor Milton
Headquarters: Phoenix, Arizona, U.S.
Nikola Corporation is a pioneer in zero-emissions trucks, with offerings in both battery and hydrogen fuel cell technology. The Nikola One and Tre models showcase the company’s innovative approach to sustainable heavy-duty transport.
Headquarters: Anaheim, California
Parent organization: SPI Energy
Based in California, Phoenix Motorcars is renowned for manufacturing eco-friendly transit solutions. Their Zero Emissions Utility Shuttle (ZEUS) has gained popularity due to its emissions-free operation and significant fuel savings, benefiting both commercial operators and the environment.
Founder: Rea Stark Rajcic, Anton Piech
Headquarters: Zug, Switzerland
Parent organization: Piëch Holding AG
A Swiss-German automaker, Piech Automotive blends classic design aesthetics with modern technology. Its flagship Mark Zero combines timeless elegance with innovative, fast-charging technology, pioneering a new direction for electric mobility.
Founded: January 16, 2011
Headquarters: Coventry, United Kingdom
An Israel-based EV platform innovator, REE Automotive reimagines vehicle architecture with its REEcorner technology integrating all traditional vehicle components into the wheel arch, enabling complete design freedom for EVs.
Founded: June 2009
Founder: R. J. Scaringe
Headquarters: Irvine, California, U.S.
Owners: Amazon, Abdul Latif Jameel
Based in Michigan, Rivian produces electric adventure vehicles. With its innovative electric pick-up, the R1T, and the R1S SUV, Rivian has become a major player in the EV market, combining utility, off-road capabilities, and sustainable technology.
Singapore’s Scorpio Electric revolutionizes urban transport with electric motorcycles. With an emphasis on design, performance, and technology, it aims to transform personal urban transportation and promote sustainable commuting practices.
Headquarters: Beijing, People’s Republic of China
A Beijing-based EV manufacturer, Singulato is known for its innovative automotive designs. It focuses on the production of smart, electric, and interconnected vehicles. With a commitment to sustainability, it strives to revolutionize transportation, shaping the future of mobility.
Founder: Laurin Hahn, Navina Pernsteiner, Jona Christians
Headquarters: Munich, Germany
Based in Germany, Sono Motors is an electric car startup specializing in solar electric vehicles (SEVs). Its flagship model, the Sion, has solar cells integrated into its bodywork, demonstrating its pioneering vision of sustainable and self-charging electric transportation.
Founder: Claude Poiraud, Gérard Godfroy
Owner: Gildo Pallanca Pastor
A Monaco-based automaker, Venturi Automobiles stands out as a creator of high-performance electric vehicles. Not just limited to cars, its projects range from speed-record attempts to electric-powered, high-altitude vehicles, marking its prominence in the EV innovation space.
Founded: January 2015
Owner: WM Motor
Weltmeister (or WM Motor) is a Chinese automaker focusing on producing smart, electric vehicles. Its commitment to technology and innovation has produced advanced, high-quality EVs at a more accessible price point, making it an influential player in the Asian EV market.
Founder: Stephen Burns
Headquarters: Sharonville, Ohio, United States
An American company, Workhorse Group Inc. develops electrically powered delivery and utility vehicles. By focusing on the commercial transportation sector, it strives to revolutionize the way goods and services are delivered, marrying efficiency and environmental sustainability.
Owners: Geely Automobile Holdings Ltd
Zeekr is a brand owned by Geely, a major Chinese automotive company. Zeekr’s mission is to combine cutting-edge technology with a luxury driving experience. Its cars are tailored for the premium EV segment, targeting tech-savvy consumers demanding innovation and comfort.